Careers In IT
Modern society is becoming more and more reliant on the use of technology and this has indeed created the demand of experts in the field of Information and Technology. Thus, IT has become one of the most popular subjects of choice for the students.
Moreover, the ever dynamic world of Information technology and Communication (ICT) requires subtle and comprehensive expertise in Computer Technology, Telecommunications and multimedia as well as in the knowledge of networks. Modern world has witnessed the IT revolution due to the advancement of knowledge in these disciplines and these disciplines are closely aligned to one another. IT professionals who can make a difference are keenly sought after by different types of leading organizations throughout the world. So the prospect of careers in IT is reasonably good.
IT graduates can work in different industry like software industry, financial institutions, Health, corporate organizations etc. The following are the list of most common career paths for IT graduates.
The system analysts are responsible for performing the feasibility study of systems. They prepare software requirement specification based on the requirement of the stakeholders. A systems analyst researches problem, plans solutions, recommends softwares and systems, and coordinates development to meet business or other requirements. They also help programmers during the development of the software. In the context of Nepal, it has a very good scope in software companies.
Project manager is responsible for managing the assigned project. A Project Manager coordinates the project related communication with clients and manages the development team, distributes project work among the team members, tracks the progress of the projects, evaluates and reviews the progress of the project. In the context of Nepal Project Manager has very good scope in software companies.
Software developer is responsible for developing softwares. They should have good programming, problem solving and analytical skills. Software developers can select any one of the development platform among VB.NET, Visual Basic (VB), Java, Delphi, Oracle Business Intelligence.
A Web developer is responsible for the development of websites and web applications. Web developers can select any one of the programming language as a development platform among PHP, ASP.NET, ASP, JSP, Perl, Ruby on Rails. There is a huge scope of PHP and Asp.Net in Nepal. Moreover, a lot of software companies choose PHP as a development platform. Furthermore, PHP web developers can gain expertise in popular open source softwares like Joomla, WordPress, Drupal, Magento etc. Web developers working as a Joomla Expert, WordPress Expert, Drupal Expert, Magento Expert can relatively earn more. It is also added advantage to have good knowledge of PHP framework like Zend, CodeIgniter, CakePHP etc. There is very high demand of PHP developers in software companies of Nepal. Web developers showing sufficient expertise in open source software and frameworks are in high demand globally.
SEO/ SMM Expert
IT graduates can also work as a Search Engine Optimization specialist and social media marketing specialist. They should possess sufficient skills to do online marketing of businesses (websites) by listing it in organic search result of search engines. They can also make use of social media and networking tools like YouTube, Twitter, LinkedIn etc in promoting products or services online. These days, the need of SEO expert is increasing globally.
All information is collected at back-end and to access, retrieve or update knowledge of database is must. The importance of Database Developer has been evergreen. No company can thrive with expert Database Developer. For software development, it is as important as meat-cutter is to butcher. A Database Developer should have good knowledge of database design, SQL since it will be used while creating software, websites and web applications. Popular database systems used by database developers are MySQL, Oracle, MSSQL. With the rise of number and quality of development companies, there is a growing demand of good Database Developers.
QA (Quality Assurance) Officer
Quality assurance officer are responsible for ensuring the quality of the software and web applications. They should have knowledge of different testing techniques, designing test cases and performing tests. With the growth of industry in terms of quantity and competitiveness Quality Assurance has become indispensable part of software development cycle.
Responsible in creating documentation of the software and web applications. They are also responsible for creating user manuals.
Other career prospects IT industry are:
- Graphics Designer,
- System Administrator
- System Engineer
- Database Administrator
- Network Engineer
- Ethical Hacker,
- Network Security Specialist,
- Hardware Engineer
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